Selecting Handheld GPS Units
AE-1269 (Revised), October 2007
John Nowatzki, Extension Geospatial Specialist
Christopher Daigle, Mechanical Engineering Student
Global Positioning System (GPS) units are available for a wide variety of prices. The information presented in this document focuses on several of the least expensive models from several suppliers. The types of units discussed are handheld, flash-card, Bluetooth, and secure digital units. The units are compared for several operational features. The following paragraphs describe the comparative features included in the accompanying tables.
The suggested retail prices are based on averages found on various Web pages on the Internet. Price will vary by location and over time.
The number of channels a GPS unit receives indicates the number of GPS satellites that can be used simultaneously to calculate position. Most units use four satellites to locate positions and then add additional satellites as the units receive more signals. Generally, receiving signals from more satellites will increase the position accuracy.
Battery life is listed for the handheld and Bluetooth units. Bluetooth GPS units usually ship from the factory with rechargeable batteries. The compact flash and secure digital units use power from the attached computers, so they are listed with power usage in volts. The battery life for regular GPS units is listed in hours and refers to continuous use.
Area calculation indicates whether the unit has the capability to calculate the acres of areas marked with the GPS unit. Area calculation is not included with the flash card, Bluetooth, or secure digital units because they operate in conjunction with a Geographic Information System (GIS) software program on the host computer, which normally has the capacity to calculate area.
The differential correction signal used in handheld GPS units is the Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS) differential correction system that the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration makes available throughout the United States without cost to the user. The WAAS differential correction signal provides GPS accuracy to less than 3 meters in handheld units. WAAS is listed with XTrac capability for the flash-card, Bluetooth, or secure digital units because they use either of the two features but not both simultaneously.
XTrac is a software program built into some GPS units that increases its sensitivity. It does so by acquiring signals from GPS satellites with weaker signals, as well as the stronger satellite signals, before it calculates its position. For example, a normal GPS receiver will acquire signals from four satellites with the strongest signals to calculate its position. GPS units with XTrac also will acquire signals from two or more weaker satellites before outputting a position. The satellites with weaker signals usually are lower on the horizon, where the earth's ionosphere and other objects that clutter the horizon, such as trees and buildings, may deteriorate the radio signals. Including the weaker signals increases the GPS unit’s ability to maintain a position fix in locations where signals are difficult to receive even though the accuracy will likely be diminished. XTrac extends the use of GPS units to areas where signals are difficult to receive, such as under tree canopies or near tall buildings.
The next feature included is the ability to transfer GPS data from handheld units to computers. Transferring data facilitates using the GPS data in GIS computer programs. Again, this feature is relevant only in handheld units.
Some handheld GPS units also are able to store background maps in built-in memory storage. The maps are proprietary and are either available online or on a CD or DVD. Available maps include roads, rivers, towns, elevation, and background maps.
The display size is listed for handheld units. Larger display sizes make seeing information on the screen easier, but they normally increase the size of the unit.
Two-way communication is only an option in handheld GPS units. Two-way communication allows users to pass GPS locations back and forth between units. By using the two-way feature of these units, the geographic position of the companion unit is displayed on the first unit.
The compatible unit feature is included for the flash-card, Bluetooth, or secure digital units because the compatible unit must operate in conjunction with a computer. Some units require specific computer operating systems.
Section 1 - Handheld GPS Units
Handheld GPS units are portable devices that can be used in a variety of settings. Handheld units are marketed primarily for use in outdoor recreational activities; however, they are used in many other applications, too, such as measuring areas and marking points. The main advantages of handheld GPS units are their lightweight and compact size.
|Model||Rino 110||eTrex||eTrex Vista||Geko 201||GPS Map 60|
|Suggested Retail Price||$194.27||106.24||214.27||149.99||249.99|
|Receiver||22 Channels||12 Channels||12 Channels||12 Channels||12 Channels|
|Built-in Memory||1 MB||N/A||24 MB||N/A||1 MB|
|Battery Life||15 Hrs||22 Hrs||12 Hrs||12 Hrs||28 Hrs|
|Ability to Transfer Waypoints to PC||Yes - Serial||Yes - Serial||Yes - Serial||Yes - Serial||Yes - Serial & USB|
|Display Size||1.4” x 1.4”||1.1” x 2.1”||1.1” x 2.1”||.92" x 1.44"||1.5" x 2.2"|
|Model||eXplorist 100||eXplorist 400||eXplorist 600|
|Suggested Retail Price||$109.99||199.99||349.99|
|Receiver||14 Channels||14 Channels||14 Channels|
|Built-in Memory||4 MB||16 MB||16 MB|
|Battery Life||18 Hrs||17 Hrs||17 Hrs|
|Ability to Transfer Waypoints to PC||No||Yes - USB||Yes - USB|
|Display Size||2.25" Diagonal||2.25" Diagonal||2.25" Diagonal|
|Model||iFINDER GO||iFINDER EXPLORER||iFINDER EXPEDITION C|
|Suggested Retail Price||$79.99||199.99||299.9|
|Receiver||16 Channels||12 Channels||16 Channels|
|Built-in Memory||32 MB||N/A||SD Card|
|Battery Life||50 Hrs||12 Hrs||14 Hrs|
|Ability to Transfer Waypoints to PC||No||Yes - Serial||Yes - Serial|
|Map Options||Built In||Yes||Yes|
|Display Size||2" Diagonal||3" Diagonal||2.83" Diagonal|
Section 2 - Flash-card GPS Units
Flash-card GPS units are used with devices such as personal digital assistants (PDAs), laptops, tablet computers, and Smartphones. The main advantage of a flash-card GPS unit is that it plugs directly into other devices and uses power from those devices. All the flash-card units are available with the following operating systems: Pocket PC 2000/2002, Windows Mobile 2003, WinCE, Net.
|Model||HI-303III||GM-270||BC-307||CF GPS Receiver V3.0||CF Plus II GPS|
|Suggested Retail Price||$149.99||139.99||159.99||249.00||169.99|
|Receiver||20 Channels||12 Channels||12 Channels||12 Channels||12 Channels|
|Power Voltage||3.3 Volts||3.3 Volts||3.3 Volts||3.3 Volts||3.3 Volts|
|Dimensions||120x48x21mm||91x50x20mm||95x47x17mm||3.3x1.63x1.5”||3.9 x1.85 x0.6"|
Section 3 - Bluetooth GPS Units
Bluetooth GPS is a wireless radio technology that allows the GPS to receive position location data without a wire or cable connection. Bluetooth GPS units connect to laptops, tablet computers, and PDAs wirelessly. The computer must be Bluetooth enabled. The fact that Bluetooth GPS units can connect to PDAs without a cord makes them suitable for in-vehicle navigation. Bluetooth GPS units have internal batteries that are normally rechargeable.
|Model||M6||M-100||BT-359||RBT-2110||Bluetooth GPS Receiver Plus|
|Suggested Retail Price||$129.99||79.99||159.99||169.99||189.99|
|Receiver||20 Channels||32 Channels||20 Channels||20 Channels||12 Channels|
|Battery Life||10 Hrs||23 Hrs||11 Hrs||18 Hrs||9 Hrs|
|Dimensions||75x45x20mm||65x43x17.6mm||82x41x13mm||72x41x31.2mm||3.6 x2.2 x0.9"|
Section 4 - Secure Digital GPS Units
Secure digital GPS units are much like flash-card units except that they plug into the secure digital slot of a PDA, laptop, or tablet computer. The choice to use a secure digital or a compact flash-card GPS depends on the type and availability of expansion slots on the computers that will be used with the GPS unit.
|Model||SDG-810 2-in-1 SDIO||M-100||SDIO GPS||SD GPS Receiver|
|Suggested Retail Price||$89.99||229.99||179.99||139.99|
|Receiver||20 Channels||12 Channels||12 Channels||12 Channels|
|Power Voltage||3.3 Volts||3.3 Volts||3.3 Volts||3.3 Volts|
|Dimensions||62x24x2.1mm||1.2x 1.3x .55 in||1.5x 0.5 x0.5"||3.1 x 1.2 x 0.7"|
Additional information is available from the suppliers at the following Web sites:
I. Trek: www.semsons.com
For more information on this and other topics, see: www.ag.ndsu.edu.