What is the fastest-growing tree I can plant to shade my house?

Trees for Energy Conservation April 27, 2016 Print Friendly and PDF

Tree growth is inherent to the specific tree species. Tree growth is typically defined by the nursery trade as slow (3-6 inches per year), moderate (5-8 inches per year), or fast (10+ inches per year). However, many factors can contribute to what your actual growth per year may be. Some of these include:

•   the right tree in the right place for the site conditions,

•   the quality of the tree,

•   proper planting, and

•   weather patterns.

It is best to consider your USDA plant zone and choose a tree species that is well suited to the site and your climate. Remember also, fast-growing trees are on average shorter-lived and more prone to limb breakage and wind damage.  You may want to consider planting additional trees that will live longer when you plant those you want for shade.

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This work is supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, New Technologies for Ag Extension project.