The queen and workers are female bees with a diploid set of chromosomes. The drones are male with a haploid set of chromosomes. To get a worker, the queen must add sperm to the egg. There must be a male to provide that sperm. To get a male, she does nothing but deposit the egg in a cell. No sperm in needed from a male bee. - Ed Beary
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This work is supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, New Technologies for Ag Extension project.