What is a poultry farm?

Small and Backyard Flocks, Science for Youth May 19, 2015 Print Friendly and PDF

Broiler chicken
(Image courtesy of USDA)

A poultry farm is where domesticated birds are raised. Poultry include chickens, turkey, ducks, and geese. These animals are raised for their meat and eggs. Chickens are the most common bird raised for both meat and eggs. Chickens that are raised for their meat are called broilers. Chickens that are raised for their eggs are called laying hens or layers. Some special breeds of poultry are raised for shows and competitions.

Following are poultry farm activities:

  • preparing the chicken house for the arrival of the chicks
  • feeding the chickens
  • monitoring the conditions inside the chicken houses, including temperature, humidity, and air quality
  • monitoring the feed and water lines to make sure they are providing the chicks with plenty of fresh water and chicken feed
  • monitoring the health of the chickens
  • cleaning the chicken houses or coops
  • collecting eggs (for laying hens)
  • loading chickens onto trucks for moving to chicken plants (for meat chickens)

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This work is supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, New Technologies for Ag Extension project.