Plants for Water Wise Pollinator Gardens: Blanket Flower (Gaillardia species)

Water Conservation for Lawn and Landscape November 14, 2013 Print Friendly and PDF






Plant Family

Aster or composite family. (Asteraceae or Compositae)

Common Names

Blanket flower, Gaillardia, Firewheel (annual), Indian blanket (annual)


  • Many species are native throughout North America
  • A variety of both annual, biennial, and perennial cultivars have been developed and are available in garden centers.
  • Readily reseeding annuals and short lived perennial depending on the species
  • Cultivars range from 6 to 24 inches high to about 12 to 36 inches wide
  • Two to 4 inch wide showy blooms in a variety of yellow, orange, and red colors and petal types cover the plants in summer and fall
  • Tolerates a wide variety of soil types but soils should be dry and well drained
  • Requires full sun
  • Cold and heat tolerant
  • Found throughout USDA Hardiness Zones 3 to 11
  • Vibrant flowers and long lived bloom time makes blanket flower a popular garden plant throughout the United States


Bee visiting Blanket flower
Photo credit: Dennis Hinkamp


Blanket flowers and seed heads
Photo credit:  Benjamin Chan Flickr CC BY-NC-SA 2.0


  • Bees
  • Butterflies
  • Soldier beetles


Additional Resources:


Nevada - Indian blanket flower, common gaillardia
Utah - Range Plants of Utah: Blanketflower


Gaillardia pulchella
Mississippi - Native Gaillardia adds a warm color interest


Texas - Blanket flower


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This work is supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, New Technologies for Ag Extension project.