Creating Your Own Worm Farm

Water Conservation for Lawn and Landscape January 15, 2015 Print Friendly and PDF

Creating your own worm farm can be a fun and rewarding way of getting rid of food scraps and reducing waste going into the landfill.

  Diagram of a worm bin
Image credit: di.wineanddine Flickr CC BY-NC-SA 2.0

Composting with worms or vermicomposting is the process of adding worms to a bin or other container to speed up the process of organic material decomposition and create a nutrient rich compost.

Redworms or red wriggler worms are a type of earthworm most commonly recommended for bin composting indoors. This type of composting is ideal for apartment dwellers and other situations where outdoor composting is not appropriate.

Do not be tempted to use the larger garden nightcrawlers which prefer cooler soils and need the ability to tunnel through the soil.

Redworms used for composting need the following to survive and reproduce.

  • Moisture
  • Warmth
  • Food
  • Bedding
  • Darkness
  • Oxygen


Additional Resources:


Nevada - Starting a Worm Farm
Oregon - Worm Suppliers and Worm Bin Resources
Washington - Cheap and Easy Worm Bin


Indiana - Household Composting with Worms
Missouri - Worm Composting Reduces Household Wastes
Nebraska - Vermicomposting: Composting with Worms


Kentucky - Vermiscomposting - Building a Worm Bin
South Carolina - Worm Composting


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This work is supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, New Technologies for Ag Extension project.