Naturalized Garden Areas

Water Conservation for Lawn and Landscape November 21, 2014 Print Friendly and PDF

A naturalized garden area in the yard can satisfy a variety of goals, but it often takes a different way of thinking about a yard. Border areas make good naturalized areas, and can provide a backdrop for other plants and can reduce overall yard maintenance.

Developing a naturalized area can be difficult. Care must be taken to maintain the area so that weedy species do not become problematic.  It may take several years for a naturalized area to become established and certain stages of the naturalization process may appear weedy to those used to a more neat landscape.

If you wish to try this approach, make sure you carefully observe and identify unwanted species growing in the naturalized area and remove them promptly. 

Naturalized areas can include prairies, wildflower gardens, woodlands and forest gardens. Determine what your goal(s) for the area will be. 

Goals can include:

  • Lower maintenance
  • Wildlife habitat
  • Forest garden with a variety of edible perennial trees and shrubs
  • Aesthetics

Plants can reflect the native landscape or other water-wise, non-native and non-invasive species can be used.  Specific designs and types of plants attract different types of wildlife. Many homeowners wish to attract birds, butterflies, bees and other insects to the garden. Designing a naturalized area in the yard is one way to create these habitats.












Area left un-mowed under trees at the back edge of the property. A mowed edge creates strong visual contrast and provides a 'neat' effect. Understory shrubs could be added to provide greater structure.
Photo credit: Susan Buffler


Natural prairie style planting using 'Priaire smoke' (Geum triflorum).
Photo credit:Kenneth Spencer Flickr CC BY-NC 2.0

Additional Resources:

Prairie Gardens as an Alternative to Turfgrass


Utah: Naturalizing a Landscape with Bulbs


Massachusetts: Trees, Shrubs, and Vines for Low Maintenance Landscapes


Indiana: Attracting Hummingbirds to Your Yard
Minnesota: Establishing and Maintaining a Prairie Garden


Mississippi: Flowers for Mississippi Gardens
North Carolina: Weed Management for Wildflowers


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This work is supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, New Technologies for Ag Extension project.