Apple Rootstock Info: V.3

Apples January 05, 2015 Print Friendly and PDF


Characteristic Detail            Description
Rootstock V.3

The Vineland series of apple rootstocks originated as open-pollinated hybrids of ‘Kerr’ crabapples and M.9 rootstock and were selected at the Horticultural Experiment Station at Vineland, Ontario, Canada in 1958. According to information from the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs, V.3 is slightly smaller than M.9 EMLA and yield and yield efficiency is similar to M.9 EMLA. V.3 is cold hardy and somewhat resistant to fireblight. V.3 was included in the 1994 NC-140 dwarf apple rootstock trial at 9 locations in North America. After 10 years trees on V.3 were smaller than trees on M.9 NAKBT337, so trees were about 20 to 25% standard size. Tree survival was very good. Trees on V.3 produced few rootsuckers and burrknots. At most locations trees on V.3 had lower cumulative yield, but higher yield efficiency than trees on M.9 NAKBT337.

Synonyms Vineland 3
Origin 'Robin' X M9
Availability Trial
Tree Size 40-45%
Precocity Very early 
Winter Hardiness Hardy
Suckering Some
Tree Support Needed Yes
Where tested within NC-140 or other research plantings AR, MI, NC, NJ, NY, PA, ME, GA, IN, WA


V.3 Tree V.3 Blossom
V.3 Tree V.3 Blossom
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V.3 Flower cluster V.3 Fruit
V.3 Flower Cluster V.3 Apple Measure
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V.3 Fruit cluster
V.3 Tree with Fruit
Image used with permission.


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This work is supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, New Technologies for Ag Extension project.