What are zoonotic diseases (diseases transmitted or shared) between animals and humans?

Agricultural Disaster Preparedness and Recovery, Wildlife Damage Management April 21, 2010 Print Friendly and PDF
A disease that can be transmitted (or shared) between animals and humans is called a zoonosis (zoh-ah-NOH-sis) or referred to as being zoonotic (zoo-ah-NAH-tic). The Center for Food Security and Public Health offers excellent resources on zoonoses (zoh-ah-NOH-seez) that affect livestock (http://www.cfsph.iastate.edu/Infection_Control/zoonotic-disease-information-for-producers.php). The Centers for Disease Control (http://www.cdc.gov) has excellent fact sheets on zoonoses (zoh-ah-NOH-seez). Search by disease. Here is a list of some diseases transmissible between animals and humans: Anthrax Avian influenza (bird flu) Bartonellosis (cat scratch disease) Baylisascaris procyonis (raccoon roundworm) Bovine tuberculosis Brucellosis (Bang's disease or undulant fever) *Bubonic plague Campylobacter Contagious ecthyma (orf or sore mouth) Cowpox Cryptosporidial enteritis Dermatophytosis (ringworm) Echinococcosis (hydatid disease) *Ehrlichiosis (one of several tickborne diseases) *Encephalitis (EEE, WEE, VEE) Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli infection Giardiasis Hanta virus Larva migrans (aberrant larval worm migration) Leprosy Leptospirosis Listeriosis (circling disease in ruminants) *Lyme disease Mange (parasitic mites) Monkeypox Psittacosis (parrot fever, ornithosis) Q fever Rabies Salmonellosis (typhoid fever or typhoid and non-typhoid) Toxoplasmosis Trichinosis *Tularemia (rabbit fever, deer fly fever) *Typhus (a rickettsial disease carried by fleas and lice) *West Nile virus *The diseases marked with an asterisk are transmitted through vectors, such as mosquitoes, fleas, or ticks.


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This work is supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, New Technologies for Ag Extension project.