Horsfall–Barratt Scale: Quantitative Evaluation of Disease

Plant Breeding and Genomics April 08, 2013 Print Friendly and PDF


David M. Francis, The Ohio State University

This page describes the Horsfall-Barratt scale, a widely used visual assessment scale for evaluating plant disease.


The Horsfall–Barratt scale (Table 1) is used for the visual assessment of plant disease on a semi-quantitative scale. The scale is designed to compensate for human error in interpretation of the percentage of foliage infected. Small differences are easier to discriminate at the extremes of the scale, so the range of values for low infection and high infection percentages are narrow. In the middle of the scale, where it is more difficult to assess small differences, the range is larger.

Table 1. The Horsfall–Barratt Scale.
Rating % Infection Range
1 0 0
2 0–3  3
3 3–6  3
4 6–12  6
5 12–25     13
6 25–50          25
7 50–75          25
8 75–87      12
9 87–94    7
10 94–97 3
11 97–100 3
12 100 0

References Cited

  • Horsfall, J. G., and R. W. Barratt. 1945. An improved grading system for measuring plant diseases. Phytopathology 35: 655.

External Links

Additional Resources

Funding Statement

Development of this lesson was supported in part by the National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) Solanaceae Coordinated Agricultural Project, agreement 2009-85606-05673, administered by Michigan State University. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the United States Department of Agriculture.

PBGworks 718

Connect with us

  • Twitter
  • Facebook
  • YouTube


This is where you can find research-based information from America's land-grant universities enabled by eXtension.org



This work is supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, New Technologies for Ag Extension project.