What Is the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS)?

Agricultural Disaster Preparedness and Recovery December 09, 2013 Print Friendly and PDF

The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), established in 1972, is a branch of the US Department of Agriculture (USDA). The mission of APHIS is to ensure the health and prosperity of US agriculture and natural resources. In addition to protecting agricultural plants and animals from disease and pests, APHIS also regulates genetically engineered organisms, administers the Animal Welfare Act, and is involved in wildlife damage and disease management.

Where Can I Find Additional Information?


  • APHIS Home Page
  • Animal Health - This division is responsible for preventing and/or controlling the spread of animal diseases and monitoring animal health and productivity.
  • Plant Protection and Quarantine - PPQ is responsible for preventing the introduction and spread of plant pests and diseases and maintaining a healthy and diverse food supply.
  • Biotechnology Regulatory Services - BRS is responsible for regulating the testing, movement and importation of genetically engineered organisms. The BRS is also responsible for testing these organisms to ensure that they are safe for the environment.
  • Wildlife Damage Management - Wildlife Services is responsible for resolving conflicts between people and wildlife.
  • Animal Welfare - The Animal Care division is responsible for administering and enforcing the Animal Welfare Act.


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This work is supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, New Technologies for Ag Extension project.