Goat Industry Profile

Goats October 25, 2011 Print Friendly and PDF

U.S. Goat population Changes

According to the 2007 USDA-NASS, the U.S. goat population is little over 3 million heads. Goat numbers have increased more than 5 percent annually from 1985 to 2007 (Figure 1). More than 83 percent of goats in this country are meat goats, 10 percent are dairy goats and 7 percent are fiber goats (Table 6). While meat and dairy goats have increased in numbers, fiber goats numbers have been reduced by almost 50 percent and represent only 69 percent of their 2002 numbers.


Goat Population


Figure 1. U.S. goat population changes from 1985 to 2007.

Table 6. Goat industry profile in the U.S.

  2002 numbers 2002 % 2007* numbers 2007* % % of 2002
All goats 2,530,466 100 3,015,000 100 119.1
Meat goats 1,938,924 76.6 2,500,000 83 128.9
Milk goats 290,789 11.5 305,000 10 104.8
Fiber goats 300,756 11.9 210,000 7 69.8


  • Reflects the 2007 USDA-NASS sample data.

Keywords: goat industry, meat goats, dairy goats and fiber goats

For more information on meat goat numbers in the U.S. please click: http://www.extension.org/pages/26267/top-states-for-number-of-meat-goats

For more information on dairy goat numbers in the U.S. please click: http://www.extension.org/pages/26207/top-states-for-number-of-dairy-goats

For more information on fiber goat numbers in the U.S. please click: http://www.extension.org/pages/26206/top-states-for-number-of-fiber-goats


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This work is supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, New Technologies for Ag Extension project.