Below are some suggested management practices:
1.) Provide additional feed to does and ewes one to two months prior to the breeding season. Supplement the females with 0.5 pound of concentrate or grain per head, per day to improve body condition and ovulation rates. For more information: http://www.extension.org/pages/19335/goat-flushing-meat-goats. Note: Using a body condition score scale of 1-9 with 1 being emaciated and 9 being obese, if the doe body condition score (BCS) is above 5 or the dairy goat's BCS is higher than 3.5, they may not require the additional supplement. For more information about body condition scoring, see: http://www.extension.org/pages/19317/goat-reproduction-nutrition-impacts-reproduction and http://www.extension.org/pages/19530/goat-body-condition-score.
2.) Check the doe's body condition score, FAMACHA© score (FAMACHA derived from the name of the creator of this system, Dr. Faffa Malan; CHA stands for chart) routinely, with optional fecal egg counting, to monitor the nutrition and health status of the animals. For more information on FAMACHA and fecal egg counting see: http://www.extension.org/pages/19650/goat-diagnostic-methods
3.) Two to three weeks prior to the breeding season:
4.) Breeding Day:
Putting a marking harness with a colored crayon on the buck will help you keep track of what animals were bred.
6.) Last Six Weeks of Pregnancy;
Females that are in good body condition prior to parturition should be able to produce offspring that are healthy, have good stamina and have good growth potential. The does should also be able to produce high quality colostrum and a large quantity of milk and should be able to breed back quickly.
Reference: McKenzie-Jakes, A. 2008. Reproductive Management of Small Ruminants Module 13 In: Master Goat Producers Manual, Florida A&M University, Tallahassee, FL.