Content tagged "dairy cattle:facilities"

Dairy Cattle Facilities

Dairy Updated: March 29, 2018

Dairy cattle, specifically the milking herd and close-up dry cows, are housed in various types of dairy facilities. These facilities can include tie stalls...

Dairy Robotic Milking Systems – What are the Economics?

Dairy Updated: October 03, 2017

This article is part of our series of original articles on emerging featured topics. Please check here to see other articles in this series.Over 35,000...

Recycled Manure Solids as Bedding

Dairy Updated: February 05, 2014

En Español: Uso de sólidos de estiércol reciclado para encamado.Ample bedding in stalls can optimize cow comfort, reduce hock lesions and lameness, and...

Improving Cow Comfort in Tie-Stall Housing

Dairy Updated: December 20, 2013

Tie-stall housing was included on a recent list of factors affecting the welfare of dairy cows in a report by the Humane Society of the United States. The...

Effects of Cow Comfort on Milk Quality, Productivity, and Behavior

Dairy Updated: November 21, 2013

Overstocking of freestall barns, defined as housing more cows within a pen than the available number of stalls and (or) providing less than the recommended...

Feed Center Design

Dairy Updated: November 21, 2013

Feed is a significant cost in milk production. Generally over 50% of the production cost may be associated with meeting the nutritional requirements of the...

Cross-Ventilated Barns for Dairy Cows: New Building Design with Cow Comfort in Mind

Dairy Updated: July 24, 2013

The most important factors that determine the selection of the type of housing for dairy cattle are cost, animal comfort, worker’s efficiency, durability,...

Effect of Flooring and Flooring Surfaces on Lameness Disorders in Dairy Cattle

Dairy Updated: February 05, 2013

A study published in 1996 by the National Animal Health Monitoring System (NAHMS) indicated that 15 percent of cows culled from dairy herds in the United...

Assessing Existing Facilities for Replacement Housing

Dairy Updated: October 03, 2012

Have you considered housing heifers in an old cow barn, or are you currently doing so? If so, this article is for you.Many farmers have expanded herd size,...

Sand for Bedding Dairy Cow Stalls

Dairy Updated: October 03, 2012

Not all sand is the same. Sand can be obtained from sand pits or mines and is usually referred to as natural sand. Alternatively, sand can come from the...

Role of Facility Design and Ventilation on Calf Health

Dairy Updated: October 03, 2012

A pre-weaned dairy calf has several basic needs that must be met in order for her to be healthy and achieve target weight gains. Generally speaking, these...

Adolescent Heifer Housing

Dairy Updated: October 03, 2012

Once calves reach 5 to 6 months of age, they are ready to graduate from the transition management group and move on to the adolescent management group....

Flooring Considerations for Dairy Cows

Dairy Updated: September 28, 2012

Many aspects of a dairy cow housing barn influence the overall environment experienced by the cows. One of the major aspects is the flooring system employed....

Newborn Housing for Dairy Calves

Dairy Updated: September 27, 2012

Dairy producers know the importance of getting a fresh cow off to a good start in her lactation. A considerable effort is made to ensure that she is given...

Transition Housing for Heifers

Dairy Updated: September 24, 2012

Calves that have completed the weaning process are ready for their first experience with group housing. The stress associated with being weaned is over, and...

Drive-Over Silage Pile Construction

Dairy Updated: August 20, 2012

This fact sheet provides management tips to enable farmers to properly locate, make, and manage a silage pile for short-term silage storage.Farmers have been...

Comprehensive Evaluation of a Low-Profile Cross-Ventilated Free Stall Barn

Dairy Updated: July 06, 2012

Low-profile cross-ventilated (LPCV) free-stall buildings are another option for dairy cattle housing. These facilities allow producers to have some control...

Housing Factors to Optimize Respiratory Health of Calves in Naturally Ventilated Calf Barns in Winter

Dairy Updated: April 19, 2012

Clinical experience has shown endemic calf pneumonia to be a common problem in calves housed in individual pens in modern naturally ventilated calf barns. A...

2008 Wisconsin Dairy Modernization Survey

Dairy Updated: March 06, 2012

A survey was conducted on 99 Wisconsin dairy farms representing 30 counties that had recently modernized their dairy facilities. The majority of the farms...

Water System Design Considerations for Modern Dairies

Dairy Updated: February 10, 2012

Site selection for modern dairy production facilities is dependent on numerous criteria. One of these criteria is an adequate water supply. The facility must...

Design, Selection, and Use of TMR Mixers

Dairy Updated: January 15, 2012

Mixer design is an art. Field testing, consumer feedback, and experience are used to refine the design. Despite the information collected over years of use...

Bulk Storage

Dairy Updated: January 07, 2012

Various dry feedstuffs are included in typical dairy cattle rations. These may include dry grains, commercial grain mixes, and a host of by-products from...

Feed Center Design and Components

Dairy Updated: December 13, 2011

An efficient and effective feed storage and handling system is vital to any modern dairy farm. The feed center can be considered the center of the entire...

Taking Advantage of Natural Behavior Improves Dairy Cow Performance

Dairy Updated: December 06, 2011

Essentially, the 24-h time budget represents the net response of a cow to her environment. Deviations in any herd from these benchmarked behavioral routines...

Five Steps to Designing the Ideal Transition Cow Barn

Dairy Updated: January 24, 2011

Over the last few years, my colleagues in the Food Animal Production Medicine group at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have used our clinical experiences...

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This work is supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, New Technologies for Ag Extension project.