Selecting Handheld GPS Units

Geospatial Technology October 15, 2013 Print Friendly and PDF

photo credit: UConn CLEAR

Selecting Handheld GPS Units

AE-1269 (Revised), October 2007

John Nowatzki, Extension Geospatial Specialist

Christopher Daigle, Mechanical Engineering Student

Global Positioning System (GPS) units are available for a wide variety of prices. The information presented in this document focuses on several of the least expensive models from several suppliers. The types of units discussed are handheld, flash-card, Bluetooth, and secure digital units. The units are compared for several operational features. The following paragraphs describe the comparative features included in the accompanying tables.

The suggested retail prices are based on averages found on various Web pages on the Internet. Price will vary by location and over time.

The number of channels a GPS unit receives indicates the number of GPS satellites that can be used simultaneously to calculate position. Most units use four satellites to locate positions and then add additional satellites as the units receive more signals. Generally, receiving signals from more satellites will increase the position accuracy.

Battery life is listed for the handheld and Bluetooth units. Bluetooth GPS units usually ship from the factory with rechargeable batteries. The compact flash and secure digital units use power from the attached computers, so they are listed with power usage in volts. The battery life for regular GPS units is listed in hours and refers to continuous use.

Area calculation indicates whether the unit has the capability to calculate the acres of areas marked with the GPS unit. Area calculation is not included with the flash card, Bluetooth, or secure digital units because they operate in conjunction with a Geographic Information System (GIS) software program on the host computer, which normally has the capacity to calculate area.

The differential correction signal used in handheld GPS units is the Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS) differential correction system that the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration makes available throughout the United States without cost to the user. The WAAS differential correction signal provides GPS accuracy to less than 3 meters in handheld units. WAAS is listed with XTrac capability for the flash-card, Bluetooth, or secure digital units because they use either of the two features but not both simultaneously.

XTrac is a software program built into some GPS units that increases its sensitivity. It does so by acquiring signals from GPS satellites with weaker signals, as well as the stronger satellite signals, before it calculates its position. For example, a normal GPS receiver will acquire signals from four satellites with the strongest signals to calculate its position. GPS units with XTrac also will acquire signals from two or more weaker satellites before outputting a position. The satellites with weaker signals usually are lower on the horizon, where the earth's ionosphere and other objects that clutter the horizon, such as trees and buildings, may deteriorate the radio signals. Including the weaker signals increases the GPS unit’s ability to maintain a position fix in locations where signals are difficult to receive even though the accuracy will likely be diminished. XTrac extends the use of GPS units to areas where signals are difficult to receive, such as under tree canopies or near tall buildings.

The next feature included is the ability to transfer GPS data from handheld units to computers. Transferring data facilitates using the GPS data in GIS computer programs. Again, this feature is relevant only in handheld units.

Some handheld GPS units also are able to store background maps in built-in memory storage. The maps are proprietary and are either available online or on a CD or DVD. Available maps include roads, rivers, towns, elevation, and background maps.

The display size is listed for handheld units. Larger display sizes make seeing information on the screen easier, but they normally increase the size of the unit.

Two-way communication is only an option in handheld GPS units. Two-way communication allows users to pass GPS locations back and forth between units. By using the two-way feature of these units, the geographic position of the companion unit is displayed on the first unit.

The compatible unit feature is included for the flash-card, Bluetooth, or secure digital units because the compatible unit must operate in conjunction with a computer. Some units require specific computer operating systems.


Section 1 - Handheld GPS Units

Handheld GPS units are portable devices that can be used in a variety of settings. Handheld units are marketed primarily for use in outdoor recreational activities; however, they are used in many other applications, too, such as measuring areas and marking points. The main advantages of handheld GPS units are their lightweight and compact size.

 

Garmin
Model Rino 110 eTrex eTrex Vista Geko 201 GPS Map 60
Suggested Retail Price $194.27 106.24 214.27 149.99 249.99
Receiver 22 Channels 12 Channels 12 Channels 12 Channels 12 Channels
Built-in Memory 1 MB N/A 24 MB N/A 1 MB
Battery Life 15 Hrs 22 Hrs 12 Hrs 12 Hrs 28 Hrs
Area Calculation Yes No Yes No Yes
WAAS Capability Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Ability to Transfer Waypoints to PC Yes - Serial Yes - Serial Yes - Serial Yes - Serial Yes - Serial & USB
Map Options No No Yes No MapSource
Display Size 1.4” x 1.4” 1.1” x 2.1” 1.1” x 2.1” .92" x 1.44" 1.5" x 2.2"
Two-way Communications Yes No No No No

 

Magellan
Model eXplorist 100 eXplorist 400 eXplorist 600
Suggested Retail Price $109.99 199.99 349.99
Receiver 14 Channels 14 Channels 14 Channels
Built-in Memory 4 MB 16 MB 16 MB
Battery Life 18 Hrs 17 Hrs 17 Hrs
Area Calculation No Yes Yes
WAAS Capability Yes Yes Yes
Ability to Transfer Waypoints to PC No Yes - USB Yes - USB
Map Options No MapSend MapSend
Display Size 2.25" Diagonal 2.25" Diagonal 2.25" Diagonal
Two-way Communications No No No

 

Lowrance
Model iFINDER GO iFINDER EXPLORER iFINDER EXPEDITION C
Suggested Retail Price $79.99 199.99 299.9
Receiver 16 Channels 12 Channels 16 Channels
Built-in Memory 32 MB N/A SD Card
Battery Life 50 Hrs 12 Hrs 14 Hrs
Area Calculation No No No
WAAS Capability Yes Yes Yes
Ability to Transfer Waypoints to PC No Yes - Serial Yes - Serial
Map Options Built In Yes Yes
Display Size 2" Diagonal 3" Diagonal 2.83" Diagonal
Two-way Communications No No No


Section 2 - Flash-card GPS Units

Flash-card GPS units are used with devices such as personal digital assistants (PDAs), laptops, tablet computers, and Smartphones. The main advantage of a flash-card GPS unit is that it plugs directly into other devices and uses power from those devices. All the flash-card units are available with the following operating systems: Pocket PC 2000/2002, Windows Mobile 2003, WinCE, Net.

 

Flash Cards
Brand Haicom Holux GlobalSat TeleType SysOn
Model HI-303III GM-270 BC-307 CF GPS Receiver V3.0 CF Plus II GPS
Suggested Retail Price $149.99 139.99 159.99 249.00 169.99
WAAS/eXtrac WAAS WAAS WAAS WAAS WAAS
Receiver 20 Channels 12 Channels 12 Channels 12 Channels 12 Channels
Power Voltage 3.3 Volts 3.3 Volts 3.3 Volts 3.3 Volts 3.3 Volts
Dimensions 120x48x21mm 91x50x20mm 95x47x17mm 3.3x1.63x1.5” 3.9 x1.85 x0.6"


Section 3 - Bluetooth GPS Units

Bluetooth GPS is a wireless radio technology that allows the GPS to receive position location data without a wire or cable connection. Bluetooth GPS units connect to laptops, tablet computers, and PDAs wirelessly. The computer must be Bluetooth enabled. The fact that Bluetooth GPS units can connect to PDAs without a cord makes them suitable for in-vehicle navigation. Bluetooth GPS units have internal batteries that are normally rechargeable.

 

Bluetooth GPS Units
Brand i.Trek Holux GlobalSat RoyalTek SysOn
Model M6 M-100 BT-359 RBT-2110 Bluetooth GPS Receiver Plus
Suggested Retail Price $129.99 79.99 159.99 169.99 189.99
WAAS/eXtrac WAAS WAAS WAAS WAAS XTrac
Receiver 20 Channels 32 Channels 20 Channels 20 Channels 12 Channels
Battery Life 10 Hrs 23 Hrs 11 Hrs 18 Hrs 9 Hrs
Dimensions 75x45x20mm 65x43x17.6mm 82x41x13mm 72x41x31.2mm 3.6 x2.2 x0.9"


Section 4 - Secure Digital GPS Units

Secure digital GPS units are much like flash-card units except that they plug into the secure digital slot of a PDA, laptop, or tablet computer. The choice to use a secure digital or a compact flash-card GPS depends on the type and availability of expansion slots on the computers that will be used with the GPS unit.

 

Secure Digital (SD) GPS Units
Brand SpecTec Pharos Pretec I.Tek
Model SDG-810 2-in-1 SDIO M-100 SDIO GPS SD GPS Receiver
Suggested Retail Price $89.99 229.99 179.99 139.99
WAAS/eXtrac WAAS WAAS N/A XTrac
Receiver 20 Channels 12 Channels 12 Channels 12 Channels
Power Voltage 3.3 Volts 3.3 Volts 3.3 Volts 3.3 Volts
Dimensions 62x24x2.1mm 1.2x 1.3x .55 in 1.5x 0.5 x0.5" 3.1 x 1.2 x 0.7"


Additional information is available from the suppliers at the following Web sites:

Garmin: www.garmin.com

Lowrance: www.lowrance.com

Magellan: www.magellangps.com

Holux: www.holux.com.tw/

Haicom: www.haicom.com.tw/

I. Trek: www.semsons.com

SySon: www.sysonchip.co.kr/eng/index.html

TeleType: www.teletype.com

RoyalTek: www.royaltek.com

Pretec: www.pretec.com

GlobalSat: www.globalsat.com.tw/index.htm

 

For more information on this and other topics, see: www.ag.ndsu.edu.

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This work is supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, New Technologies for Ag Extension project.