Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in schools has become a national effort to help improve indoor air quality, protect children from pests and the overuse of pesticides. Many states have developed manuals to assist schools on how to implement an IPM program and to stay in compliance with state rules.
Bio-integral Resource Center School Manual has set the tone and content for the developing School IPM movement in the United States. This manual was based on BIRC hands-on experience with school IPM implementation in California and Oregon in the 1980s and 1990s and was an important resource for the Healthy Schools Act of 2000.
The California Department of Pesticide Regulation (DPR) developed this model program guidebook, as required by the Healthy Schools Act of 2000, for use by school districts that wish to adopt a least-hazardous IPM program. The authors drew their information from federal school IPM guidelines, other states’ IPM programs, California state laws and regulations, the University of California Statewide IPM program, California school districts that have already implemented IPM programs, the pest control industry, and public interest groups.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has prepared this booklet to acquaint readers with Integrated Pest Management (IPM), a pest control method that may be an alternative to scheduled spraying of pesticides. Schools across the nation that have adopted such programs report successful, cost-effective conversion to IPM. IPM can reduce the use of chemicals and provide economical and effective pest suppression.
Maryland Guidelines for IPM in Schools
In an effort to assist schools in the initial development and implementation of IPM plans and notification and posting formats, the Maryland Department of Agriculture (MDA) produced several manuals and contracted with the University of Maryland to write four additional manuals. These documents were intended for use by the schools for information and guidance. These documents are not intended to supplant the IPM and notification law and regulations but rather to facilitate implementation of the law. This manual is a guide to assist schools with implementing an IPM program.
The Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (MDARD) has prepared this manual to provide information as required by Regulation 637, Rule 14.; assist persons applying pesticides in regulated institutions; comply with the IPM training requirement; and guide the development of an IPM program. It is not the intention of this booklet to discuss prevention and control of specific structural pests, but to offer examples of IPM strategies.
This manual replaces the Integrated Pest Management for Schools handbook originally adapted from the manual developed for the United States Environmental Protection Agency. The information contained in this manual applies to sensitive environments such as schools, public parks, child care centers, hospitals, retirement and nursing facilities, and homes. Sensitive environments can also include places where people or animals spend time in confined spaces, such as ships, airplanes, prisons, kennels, or zoos. IPM information in this manual also applies to home environments with residents that have health problems such as asthma, allergies, or immune system compromising diseases.
This guideline was developed to help school personnel in the northeastern United States establish a comprehensive integrated pest management (IPM) program, including developing an IPM policy statement, identifying roles and responsibilities of various members of the school community, and providing an IPM bid specification to use in contracting with outside pest management contractors. It is a general resource for school administrators, parents, maintenance staff, and others interested in establishing an IPM program in schools.
This manual was developed to help New Jersey schools comply with the School Integrated Pest Management Act or the School IPM Act, a state law that became effective for schools on June 12, 2004. It is also designed as a resource and training manual for school administrators and IPM coordinators, who will oversee IPM activities. The School IPM Act requires schools to establish an IPM program, which includes adopting a broad IPM policy statement and implementing an IPM plan, which is a comprehensive site-specific document, intended to guide a school's day-to-day activities for controlling pests. The policy and plan cover the management of indoor pests, such as rodents and cockroaches, as well as outdoor pests such as weeds or stinging insects.
The Schoolchildren’s Health Act, which was enacted into law in North Carolina, includes specific requirements for LEAs and school boards regarding implementation of an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Program and the notification requirements when pesticides are used on school grounds. This manual is designed to assist schools in North Carolina stay in compliance with the school IPM requirements.
The Pennsylvania Department of Health recommends that IPM be a part of indoor air quality (IAQ) guidelines for Pennsylvania schools. EPA studies of human exposure to air pollutants indicate that indoor levels of pollutants may be two to five times higher than outdoor levels. Children, especially, may be susceptible to air pollution because they breathe a greater volume of air relative to their body weight than adults.
This pocket guide is designed to help you identify pests commonly found in and around buildings. It includes photos and information about various pests, such as ants, roaches, flies, rats, mice, termites, spiders, wasps, bees, bedbugs, fleas, mosquitoes, ticks, and more. Diagrams and scales showing the size of some of the pests are included to help in identification.
The school IPM coordinator manual is designed to assist IPM coordinators with implementing their IPM program. This manual offers simple topics on the basic tenets of IPM practices and how they affect schools. Included in the manual are management plans for red imported fire ants, German cockroaches, and yellow jacket wasps. This manual also contains several important reporting forms to help ensure that your IPM program stays on track.
Other School IPM Information