Allium vineale, Wild Garlic

Gardens & Landscapes, Invasive Species, Extension Master Gardener December 16, 2015 Print Friendly and PDF

Invasive Species: Allium vineale, Wild Garlic

Wild garlic is an invasive perennial plant that originates from a bulb. Plants range from 11 to 35 in. (30 to 90 cm) in height and have tubular leaves. In May to June, plants produce purple tubular flowers that are less than 0.25 in. (5 mm) long. These flowers are eventually replaced by bulblets, either completely or partially. Wild garlic is native to Europe and thrives in fields, meadows, waste grounds, and other disturbed areas.

What are invasive species and why should we be concerned about them? 


Taxonomy: Scientific and Common Names for This Species

Liliales > Liliaceae > Allium vineale L.

Synonym(s): none

Allium vineale - USDA PLANTS Profile

Distribution Maps

Wild garlic - The reported distribution of this invasive species across the United States. (Source: Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States)

Up-to-the-minute distribution maps and why they are important

Reporting This Invasive Species

What is the best way and place to report the occurrence of an invasive species? 

 How to report an invasive species sighting to EDDMapS - Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System

EDDMapS - Report an invasive species to EDDMapS

Cooperative Extension Offices - Find your local Cooperative Extension office on this map provided by USDA

How to Identify

This invasive species can be identified by looking for the characteristics described in the paragraphs that follow.

Plant

An invasive perennial plant that originates from a bulb and ranges from 11 to 35 in. (30 to 90 cm) in height.

Wild Garlic Wild Garlic
Ohio State Weed Lab Archive, The Ohio State University, bugwood.org Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, bugwood.org

Foliage

Plant has tubular leaves.

Wild Garlic Wild Garlic
Ohio State Weed Lab Archive, The Ohio State University, bugwood.org Bruce Ackley, The Ohio State University, bugwood.org

Flower

In May to June, plants produce purple tubular flowers that are less than 0.25 in. (5 mm) long.

Wild Garlic

Wild Garlic
Ohio State Weed Lab Archive, The Ohio State University, bugwood.org

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, bugwood.org

Fruit

These flowers are eventually replaced by bulblets, either completely or partially.

Wild Garlic Wild Garlic
Ohio State Weed Lab Archive, The Ohio State University, bugwood.org Ken Chamberlain, The Ohio State University, bugwood.org

Native Species That Resemble Wild Garlic

 

All species within this genus, including natives, are designated as noxious weeds.

Allium canadense, wild onion - Images at invasive.org

Wild Onion Wild Onion
Karan A. Rawlins, University of Georgia, bugwood.org Rebekah D. Wallace, University of Georgia, bugwood.org

 

- Images at invasive.org

   
bugwood.org bugwood.org

 

Additional Images for Wild Garlic

Wild garlic - Images at Invasive.org

 

Learning Resources for Wild Garlic

 

 

Additional Information, Biology, Control and Management Resources

Control and management recommendations vary according to individual circumstances. Location, habitat, weather, and a variety of other conditions are factors that help determine the best treatment choice. To find the safest and most effective treatment for your situation, consult your state's land-grant institution. If you will use chemicals as part of the control process, always refer to the product label.

United States Land-Grant University System - Find your land-grant university's College of Agriculture, Cooperative Extension Service, or other related partner on this map provided by USDA.

Weed of the Week - USDA Forest Service

Weed Identification Guide - Virginia Tech

Flora of North America - efloras.org

Ohio Perennial & Biennial Weed Guide - Ohio State University

Jepson Herbarium - University of California


 

Connect with us

  • Facebook

Welcome

This is where you can find research-based information from America's land-grant universities enabled by eXtension.org

LOCATE

USDA / NIFA

This work is supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, New Technologies for Ag Extension project.