Arabinoxylans

Small and Backyard Flocks May 05, 2015 Print Friendly and PDF

Written by: Dr. Jacquie Jacob, University of Kentucky

Arabinoxylan is a pentosan, which is a group of polysaccharides made up of the five-sugar pentose molecules arabinose and xylose. Arabinoxylan is a hemicellulose found in both the primary and secondary cell walls of plants, including cereal grains.

Insoluble and soluble arabinoxylans exist. The water-soluble arabinoxylans change the viscosity of the intestinal contents, resulting in reduced nutrient digestibility and absorption. Therefore, arabinoxylans are considered antinutritional factors in wheat. Commercial enzymes are available that can be added to poultry feed to counter the negative effects of arabinoxylans.

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This work is supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, New Technologies for Ag Extension project.