Strawberry Acidity

Plant Breeding and Genomics September 13, 2013 Print Friendly and PDF

Author:

Dr. Amy Iezzoni, Michigan State University

An individual’s genome is the full complement of genetic information inherited from its parents. Within this vast repertoire of genetic information, individual genes are being discovered that control critical production and fruit quality traits. As valuable rosaceous gene discoveries are made and put into breeding applications, RosBREED describes them as “Jewels in the Genome” (Iezzoni, 2010).

Introduction

Strawberry’s TaV-M.2 region is selected as one of RosBREED's "Jewels in the Genome," because this region is associated with fruit acidity and eating quality.

Strawberry Flavor

Strawberry flavor is influenced by fruit acidity in combination with sugars and aroma compounds. Improving strawberry flavor is a high priority for breeding programs. Obtaining the optimum combination of these desirable taste attributes has been challenging because until recently, little was known about their inheritance. A locus, TaV-M-2, that affects acidity in octoploid strawberry fruits has now been identified near the top of linkage group V (Zorrilla-Fontanesi et al. 2011). TaV-M-2 was identified by phenotypic measurements of titratable acidity and pH. This locus is of particular interest because TaV-M-2 has been consistently identified near genes controlling variation for strawberry fruit color and the orthologous region in peach. The top of Prunus linkage group 5 also contains a major trait locus (D) that controls fruit acidity (Boudehri et al. 2009).

TaV-M.2

TaV-M.2 was identified in progeny from a cross between two diverse octoploid strawberry selections, but the task still remains to identify the functional variations of this locus in strawberry breeding germplasm. The RosBREED strawberry crop team, including its international partners, is preparing to complete this analysis using pedigree-based analysis of genotypic and phenotypic data collected on the strawberry crop reference set (Fig. 1). Genetic knowledge of performance-enhancing TaV-M.2 variants allows strawberry breeders to begin predicting fruit taste, resulting in more efficient parental selections.

Researcher working with equipment to test titratable acidity

Figure 1. Megan Mathey, Oregon State University, measuring titratable acidity in strawberry. Photo credit: Oregon State University.

References Cited

  • Boudehri K., Bendahmane A., Cardinet G., Troadec C., Moing A., and E. Dirlewanger. 2009. Phenotypic and fine genetic characterization of the D locus controlling fruit acidity in peach. BioMed Central Genomics Plant Biology: 9:59
  • Iezzoni, A. 2010. Jewels in the Genome. RosBREED Newsletter 1(1): 9. (http://rosbreed.s3.amazonaws.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/10/2010-02_RosBREED.Newsletter.pdf) (verified 12 Dec 2012).
  • Zorrilla-Fontanesi Y., Cabeza A., Dominguez P., Medina J.J., Valpuesta V., Denoyes-Rothan B., Sanchez-Sevilla J.F., and I. Amaya. 2011. Quantitative trait loci and underlying candidate genes controlling agronomical and fruit quality traits in octoploid strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa). Theoretical and Applied Genetics: DOI 10.1007/s00122-011-1624-6

Funding statement

Development of this page was supported in part by the USDA's National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA). Project title: RosBREED: Enabling marker-assisted breeding in Rosaceae is provided by the Specialty Crops Research Initiative Competitive Grant 2009-51181-05808. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s)and do not necessarily reflect the view of the United States Department of Agriculture.
 

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This work is supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, New Technologies for Ag Extension project.