Leucanthemum vulgare, Oxeye Daisy

Gardens & Landscapes, Invasive Species, Extension Master Gardener September 21, 2012 Print Friendly and PDF

Invasive Species: Leucanthemum vulgare, Oxeye Daisy

Oxeye daisy is an invasive perennial that can reach from 1 to 3 ft. (0.3 to 1 m) in height. A single plant can produce from one to 40 flowering stems. Leaves are 1 to 4 in. (2.5 to 10 cm) long, toothed (or lobed), and decrease in size closer to the apex of the stem. Basal leaves are spoon-shaped and petiolate. Flowering occurs all summer, when daisy-like flower heads develop. Each flower head can produce up to 200 flat seeds that are 0.08 in. (2 mm) long. Oxeye daisy is native to Europe and was introduced into the United States as an ornamental in the 1800s. The plants have been shown to carry several crop diseases. Oxeye daisy can thrive in a wide variety of soil types and can grow in sun to partial shade.

What are invasive species and why should we be concerned about them? 


Taxonomy: Scientific and Common Names for This Species

Asterales > Asteraceae > Leucanthemum vulgare Lam.

Synonym(s): ox-eye daisy

Leucanthemum vulgare - USDA PLANTS Profile

Distribution Maps

Oxeye daisy - The reported distribution of this invasive species across the United States (Source: Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States)

Up-to-the-minute distribution maps and why they are important 

Reporting This Invasive Species

What is the best way and place to report the occurrence of an invasive species? 

 How to report an invasive species sighting to EDDMapS - Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System

EDDMapS - Report an invasive species to EDDMapS.

Cooperative Extension Offices - Find your local Cooperative Extension office on this map provided by USDA.

How to Identify

This invasive species can be identified by looking for the characteristics described in the paragraphs that follow.

Plant

Oxeye daisy is a perennial that can reach from 1 to 3 ft. (0.3 to 1 m) in height. A single plant can produce from one to 40 flowering stems.

Forest & Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, bugwood.org Pedro Tenorio-Lezama, bugwood.org

Foliage

Leaves are 1 to 4 in. (2.5 to 10 cm) long, toothed (or lobed), and decrease in size closer to the apex of the stem. Basal leaves are spoon-shaped and petiolate.

Montana Statewide Noxious Weed Awareness and Education Program Archive, Montana State University, bugwood.org Steve Dewey, Utah State University, bugwood.org

Flower

Flowering occurs all summer, when daisy-like flower heads develop.

Dave Powell, USDA Forest service, bugwood.org Keith Weller, USDA Agricultural Research Service, bugwood.org

Fruit

Each flower head can produce up to 200 flat seeds that are 0.08 in. (2 mm) long.

 
Ken Chamberlain, Ohio State University, bugwood.org bugwood.org

Native Species That Can Resemble Oxeye Daisy

- Images at invasive.org

   
bugwood.org bugwood.org

- Images at invasive.org

   
bugwood.org bugwood.org

Additional Images for Oxeye Daisy

Oxeye daisy - Images at Invasive.org

Additional Information, Biology, Control and Management Resources

Control and management recommendations vary according to individual circumstances. Location, habitat, weather, and a variety of other conditions are factors that help determine the best treatment choice. To find the safest and most effective treatment for your situation, consult your state's land-grant institution. If you will use chemicals as part of the control process, always refer to the product label.

United States Land-Grant University System - Find your land-grant university's college of agriculture, Cooperative Extension office, or other related partner on this map provided by USDA.

Weeds - TahoeInvasiveWeeds.org

Invasive Weeds of Juneau - Juneau Cooperative Weed Management Area

Invasive Species Technical Note - USDA, NRCS

Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium - University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point

Invasives Database - TexasInvasives.org

Plant profiles - California Invasive Plant Council

Species Bio - National Park Service

Alaska Natural Heritage Program - University of Alaska Anchorage

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This work is supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, New Technologies for Ag Extension project.