Plants for Water Wise Pollinator Gardens: Jupiter's Beard (Centranthus ruber)

Water Conservation for Lawn and Landscape November 14, 2013 Print Friendly and PDF

Plant Family

Valerian Family (Valerianaceae)


Common Names

Jupiter's beard, Red valerian, Keys of Heaven

Description

  • Attractive herbaceous perennial plant native to the Mediterranean region of North Africa, Asia Minor, and Europe
  • Classified as a sub-shrub due to woody tissue that develops at the base of the plant
  • Plants grow from 2 to 3 feet high and wide
  • Reddish pink flower clusters bloom during late spring and through the summer (A white cultivar is also available)
  • Deadheading will keep flowers blooming longer
  • Does best in full sun
  • Generally cold hardy in USDA Zones 5 to 8 but it will grow in Zone 4
  • Needs no additional fertilizer
  • Tolerates a wide range of well drained soil types

Note: This plant can become a nuisance in the garden. Clip (deadhead) flowers before they set seed to prevent /reduce re-seeding or be vigilant about removing seedlings.

Painted Lady butterfly feeding on Jupiter's beard flower. Photo credit: nz_willowherb Flickr CC BY-NC 2.0

Hawk moth feeding on Jupiter's beard flower
Photo credit: penguinbush Flickr CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

mass of pink red flowers on a Jupiter's Beard plant

Jupiter's beard used in a mass planting
Photo source: Water Wise Plants for Utah Landscapes UTAH.gov Services


Attracts

Bees
Moths
Butterflies
 


Additional Resources:

West

Water-Wise Plants for Utah Landscapes

Midwest

Missouri Botanical Center

Southwest

Texas - 'Coccineus' Valerian, Jupiter's Beard


 

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USDA / NIFA

This work is supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, New Technologies for Ag Extension project.