Apple Rootstock Info: Mark

Apples January 05, 2015 Print Friendly and PDF

 

Characteristic Detail Description
Rootstock Mark

An open-pollinated seedling of M.9 and introduced by Michigan state University, USA in 1979. It is a virus-free clone of MAC-9. Mark is a hardy, precocious dwarfing rootstock. It is susceptible to fire blight and fairly resistant to crown and root rots, produces many burr knots and few root suckers. Mark requires tree support. Trees are very precocious and tree vigor may decline earlier than desired when young trees are allowed to produce heavy crops before attaining the desired tree size. Root Mass Proliferation (RMP) is the name of the syndrome often observed in older trees on Mark. RMP is a tumorous swelling at the ground line or below ground that is often observed in this rootstock, and accounts for its highly variable performance both within and between orchards. RMP often results in a lack of uniformity in fields. Mark is also particularly drought sensitive, and irrigation is recommended even in areas where it is usually considered optional. On the proper site Mark can be a very productive rootstock, as numerous Michigan growers have experienced. Mark was evaluated in several NC-140 trials and it has been planted in commercial orchards throughout the eastern U.S. Trees on Mark were usually about 30 to 50% as large as trees on M.9 NAKBT-337 and yield efficiency was usually higher than on M.9 NAKBT-337. Although mark performance has been variable in the eastern U.S., it has performed poorly under hot dry conditions in the western U.S.

Synonyms  
Origin M.9 X Unknown
Availability Widely available
Tree Size 35-40% of standard
Precocity Very early
Winter Hardiness Hardy
Suckering Moderate
Tree Support Needed Yes
Where tested within NC-140 or other research plantings AR, BC, CA, CO, IA, IL, IN, MA, ME, MI, MN, NC, NJ, NY, OH, OR, PA, SC, TN, UT, VA, WA, WI, GA, IN

 

Mark tree Mark blossom
Mark Tree Mark Blossom

 

Mark flower cluster Mark fruit
Mark Flower Cluster Mark Apple Measure

 

Mark tree with fruit
Mark Tree with Fruit

All images used with permission.

 

Connect with us

  • Facebook

Welcome

This is where you can find research-based information from America's land-grant universities enabled by eXtension.org

LOCATE

Resources

Apple Rootstocks

  • All about understanding and choosing the right rootstock

Apple Cultivars

  • Characteristics, descriptions, and how to choose the best to grow and eat

Establishing an Apple Orchard

  • Buying and planting trees

Managing Apple Trees and Orchards

  • Insects, diseases, wildlife and other challenges

Propagating Apple Rootstocks and Trees

  • Grafting, budding, tissue culture, and all about how rootstocks are developed

Regional Resources

  • Links to apple information specific to your area

USDA / NIFA

This work is supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, New Technologies for Ag Extension project.