What is swine pox?

March 08, 2011 Print Friendly and PDF
Swine pox is caused by a virus that is highly host specific and is characterized by the development of cutaneous lesions in susceptible young pigs. The incubation period varies from 4 to 6 days and sometime 12 to 14 days. The onset may be marked by a mild transient fever and inappetence. The initial skin lesions are small round erythematous spots that increase in size and thickness to form reddish papules of about 2 mm in diameter. There is no specific therapy for swine pox. If the disease is associated with lice infestation, then you should be treating for elimination of the lice, an external parasite. Vaccines are not available for use against swine pox. Isolation of infected pigs, control of lice by dipping or spraying and disinfection of pens are generally the most effective control measures. Swine pox will not affect the meat (carcass) value.

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This work is supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, New Technologies for Ag Extension project.