What is meant by "solid mouth" or "broken mouth" cows?

Beef Cattle February 26, 2008 Print Friendly and PDF
Checking a cow's teeth is a way to get an idea of how old she is if age is not known. The classifications that you asked about are commonly used when selling beef females, especially at a sale barn, where the age may not be known. A "solid" mouth cow would mean that the cow has all her teeth, which would mean that she is a young to middle-aged cow. A "broken" mouth cow would indicate that the cow is starting to lose some teeth, an indication that she is an older cow. A cow that is called "smooth" mouth would mean that she has lost all her teeth and is therefore considered old.

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This work is supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, New Technologies for Ag Extension project.