Rose Chafer

Grapes February 21, 2014 Print Friendly and PDF

Symptoms       Management       Life Cycle       More Info

Lorraine Berkett & Morgan Cromwell, University of Vermont

Adult rose chafer. Photo by Lorraine Berkett, University of Vermont.

Symptoms

Rose chafer (Macrodactylus subspinosus Fabricius) adults emerge at bloom and immediately attack grape blossoms and skeletonize leaves, eating all the tissue around large veins. They can cause extensive damage to foliage and completely destroy blossom buds and/or developing berries, resulting in reduced grape yields. Damage can be severe in vineyards with sandy soils, the preferred habitat for these beetles.

Management

Physical removal and destruction of this insect pest can manage the population when only a few beetles are present; however, when greater than two beetles per vine are seen during vineyard monitoring, a chemical spray is recommended. Intensive baited trapping of the beetles over multiple years has shown to reduce populations to below threshold levels. An insecticide application in addition to trapping may be needed when populations are high. Chemical applications should continue through the first or second post-bloom spray when pressure is severe. Refer to a grape pest management guide (see Recommended Links) for insecticide specifics and efficacies. Cultivation between rows to destroy the larvae may reduce the population but will not provide sufficient control of the pest. Rose chafers contain a toxin that can be deadly to birds (including chickens) and small animals if the beetle is ingested.

Life Cycle

The rose chafer is a light tan beetle with a dark brown head, about 12 mm (½ inch) long and has one generation a year. Larvae (C-shaped grubs) overwinter underground in the soil. They move closer to the surface and begin to feed on grass roots until they pupate in the spring. Adults emerge during late May or June in most areas, around grape bloom, and congregate on plants to mate and feed. The females lay eggs just below the ground surface. They prefer grassy areas of sandy, well-drained soil. The adults live for three to four weeks after emergence. The eggs hatch into small, white grub-like larvae, which feed on roots of grass, weeds, grains, and other plants throughout the summer. They move down in the soil as the temperatures decline, where they will overwinter until the next growing season.

Recommended Resources

Rose Chafer, Michigan State University

Rose Chafer, Ohio State University

Rose Chafers, University of Minnesota

New York and Pennsylvania Pest Management Guidelines for Grapes

Midwest Small Fruit and Grape Spray Guide

Field Guide for Integrated Pest Management in Pacific Northwest Vineyards. Washington State University

Reviewed by Eric Stafne, Mississippi State University and Elina Coneva, Auburn University

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This work is supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, New Technologies for Ag Extension project.