Content tagged "ibss"

Size of ground biomass particles is significant logistically

Farm Energy Wood Energy Updated: November 28, 2016

by Oladiran FasinAs part of preparing biomass for conversion into biofuels, biomass is ground through mills such as a hammer mill (Figure 1) or a knife mill....

Technological Processes: Thermochemical

Farm Energy Wood Energy Updated: April 12, 2016

Introduction Woody biomass is converted into useful forms of energy (i.e. solid, liquid, or gaseous fuels) as well as useful products (e.g. polymers,...

Current USDA NIFA AFRI CAPs

Farm Energy Wood Energy Updated: October 17, 2015

USDA-NIFA (National Institute for Food and Agriculture) currently funds 7 bioenergy Coordinated Agricultural Projects (CAPs) through Agricultural and Food...

Wood Processing Residues

Wood Energy Updated: February 19, 2014

Introduction What remains after timber arrives at a mill for processing is commonly referred to as primary and secondary wood processing residue or waste....

Cost Factors in Harvesting and Transporting Woody Biomass

Wood Energy Updated: February 17, 2014

 Introduction Harvesting and transportation costs for woody biomass in its different forms vary due to tract size, tree species, volumes removed, distance to...

Conventional Biomass Harvesting Systems

Wood Energy Updated: February 06, 2014

IntroductionWoody biomass harvesting systems fell and recover woody biomass and transport it to a central location to be processed or directly loaded onto...

Wood Bioenergy and the Southern United States

Wood Energy Updated: February 04, 2014

IntroductionForests are among the South’s most abundant resources. More than 214 million acres of forest land cover the region1 (Figure 1). Approximately 69...

Biomass Transportation and Delivery

Wood Energy Updated: February 04, 2014

Introduction One challenge associated with transporting woody biomass for energy and bio-based products is that woody biomass in its raw form (e.g. slash,...

Pre-processing and Drying Woody Biomass

Wood Energy Updated: February 03, 2014

Introduction Pre-processing and drying woody biomass are important issues to address in every situation. They particularly affect transportation costs and...

Small-scale Woody Biomass Harvesting Systems

Wood Energy Updated: February 03, 2014

Introduction Small-scale timber harvesting systems, including those that can handle woody biomass, are becoming more attractive to the forestry community. A...

Ethanol from Biomass

Wood Energy Updated: December 02, 2013

Introduction Ethanol, also known as ethyl alcohol or grain alcohol, is a flammable, tasteless, colorless, mildly toxic alcohol having a fairly...

Ethanol from Biomass

Wood Energy Updated: November 26, 2013

 Introduction Ethanol, also known as ethyl alcohol or grain alcohol, is a flammable, tasteless, colorless, mildly toxic alcohol having a fairly...

Societal Motivations and Barriers in Biofuels Arena

Wood Energy Updated: November 13, 2013

by Sudipta DasmhapatraIntroduction / BackgroundUnderstanding the public attitude, barriers to use and adoption of bioenergy crops and fuels is important due...

Conserving Biodiversity in Forest Bioenergy Production Systems

Wood Energy Updated: September 10, 2013

Biodiversity1, or biological diversity, can be defined as the number and variety of plant and animal species, genes, ecosystems, and ecosystem functions in a...

Water Conservation in Forest Bioenergy Production Systems

Wood Energy Updated: September 10, 2013

Introduction Forestlands serve as watershed areas for much of the southern United States. These 214 million acres of forested areas are constantly...

Conserving Soils in Forest Bioenergy Production Systems

Wood Energy Updated: September 10, 2013

Soils are the biophysical foundation upon which forests thrive and grow. The productivity of forests depends upon the quality and health of the soil...

Forest Bioenergy Certification

Wood Energy Updated: September 10, 2013

Bioenergy produced from woody biomass is considered a renewable source of energy. However, this is only true if forests are managed in a way that ensures the...

Using the Adaptive Forest Management Planning Framework to Achieve Sustainable Bioenergy Production

Wood Energy Updated: September 10, 2013

America’s forests are facing ever-increasing pressure to provide all things to all people, ranging from such services as providing timber for building new...

Carbon Markets and Forest Bioenergy

Wood Energy Updated: September 10, 2013

Introduction Carbon markets are thought to be one of many innovative, market-based solutions to global climate change. These markets allow for the purchase...

Renewable and Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standards

Wood Energy Updated: September 10, 2013

Introduction This fact sheet provides a brief overview of renewable and energy efficiency portfolio policies. These policies are currently being used in...

Woody Biomass for Energy – Tax Incentives

Wood Energy Updated: September 10, 2013

Introduction Tax savings are often used to promote economic development in the United States. A case in point is Congress’ Energy Tax Incentives Act of 2005....

Benefits to Landowners from Forest Biomass/Bioenergy Production

Wood Energy Updated: September 10, 2013

Introduction Private forest landowners represent the first step in the forest bioenergy supply chain. Their production of a cellulosic feedstock is central...

Bioenergy Policy Incentives

Wood Energy Updated: September 10, 2013

Introduction Bioenergy, including forest biomass for energy, is a promising energy source. As outlined in other fact sheets, this source of energy has many...

Forest Bioenergy Production and Rural Economic Development

Wood Energy Updated: September 10, 2013

Introduction and Background Developing a forest bioenergy industry can have a number of positive effects on the rural economies of the South. Employment,...

The Economics of Forest Biomass Production and Use

Wood Energy Updated: September 10, 2013

Introduction Under current market conditions, cost remains a major barrier to market penetration of forest bioenergy. However, technological advances as well...

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This work is supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, New Technologies for Ag Extension project.