Content tagged "climate-forest interactions"

Calculating Carbon Drawdown by Trees

The Center for Urban Forest Research (CUFR) provides a tool for assessing the greenhouse gas drawdown in urban forests, the CUFR Tree Carbon Calculator...

Cost-Benefit Approach to Urban Forests: A Western Analysis

Urban tree programs have expenses for planting, maintenance, even sidewalk repair. Yet the benefits of urban trees in five western cities analyzed outweighed...

Urban Forests & Climate Change: Urban Forest Project Protocol

Adapted from:" McPherson, E.G.; J.R. Simpson; P.J. Peper; and E. Aguaron. 2008. Urban Forestry and Climate Change. Albany, CA: USDA Forest Service, Pacific...

Invasive Species and Climate

The U.S. Global Change Research Program (Carter, 2003) has described the effect of climate variability on invasive plants as a mounting issue: “Some native...

Biodiversity of Trees: Local Seed Banks and Climate Change

Climate, Forests and Woodlands Updated: December 08, 2015

If forest managers are given the latitude and resources to go beyond local seed bank, there may be sufficient genetic resources at the landscape scale for...

Bird Diversity and Climate Change

Climate, Forests and Woodlands Updated: November 17, 2015

Birds face many challenges from climate change, with declines in diversity near the top of the list. The potential for local or continental extinctions...

Climate Mitigation by Urban Forests

 Planting trees in urban areas can help mitigate carbon dioxide levels because trees can sequester carbon and offset some energy use for cooling, as some...

Plant Response to Rising Carbon Dioxide

Climate, Forests and Woodlands Updated: October 05, 2015

Plant tissue (including wood) is composed of about half carbon, all of which comes from carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere. Photosynthesis rates tend to...

Trees and Local Temperature

 Urban forests can help keep cities within a healthy temperature range, although the exact temperature reduction from urban forests is difficult to measure....

Urban Forests and Heat Waves

Recent research suggests the extra heating measured in cities operates, at least to some degree, at the scale of neighborhoods. In hot desert cities, such as...

Designing Urban Forests

 The metaphor comparing biological diversity to financial diversity is particularly apt in urban forests, where trees provide benefits that can be tallied....

Urban Forests and Pollution

Written by Melanie Lenart, University of Arizona Urban trees play multiple roles when it comes to local air pollution. While trees in general help reduce...

Climate and Disturbance

Climate, Forests and Woodlands Updated: July 17, 2012

Disturbance regimes for fires, insect and disease outbreaks, and invasive species are altered by changes in climate.

National Workshop on Climate and Forests Poster Abstracts – May 17th, 2011

Climate, Forests and Woodlands Updated: June 28, 2012

The following are posters that were presented during the Poster Session of the National Workshop on Climate and Forests. A few have been made available by...

Understanding Climate Change Impacts in Temperate Forests

Climate, Forests and Woodlands Updated: June 29, 2011

Forest ecosystems are complicated and ever changing. Forest landowners and managers must consider a vast array of information to meet either specific stand...

The Effect of Climate Change on Mountain Pine Beetle

Climate, Forests and Woodlands Updated: June 29, 2011

The mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae) (Fig. 1) is an indigenous North American bark beetle that has been confined to the western part of the...

The Effect of Climate Change on Gypsy Moth

The gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) (Fig. 1) was intentionally introduced from Europe to the northeastern United States in 1869. It has spread west and south...

Other Factors Influencing Forest Carbon Storage

Climate, Forests and Woodlands Updated: May 16, 2011

While the biological processes of photosynthesis, respiration, and decomposition are similar for all forests, their relative importance differs by forest...

Landscape Analysis and Climate Change

Climate, Forests and Woodlands Updated: May 16, 2011

Landscape analysis involves the assessment of features of a landscape in relation to any of a group of factors such as land use change; shifts in hydrology,...

Invasives in the Southwestern U.S.

Competition for resources (moisture, light, nutrients) is fierce in the often resource-limited environments of the desert Southwest. Species native to the...

Invasives in Southern U.S. Forests

As climate variability increases, each species within an ecological community will respond individually. With current information, it is impossible to know...

Forest Carbon Storage

Climate, Forests and Woodlands Updated: May 16, 2011

Forests affect climate, and climate affects forests, with carbon linking the two. Forests contain three-fourths of the earth's plant biomass, about half of...

Climatic Thresholds and Environmental Change

Climate, Forests and Woodlands Updated: May 11, 2011

An environmental threshold is often described as a tipping point. One of the enduring metaphors describing a tipping point is "the straw that broke the...

Climate-Forest Interactions

Climate, Forests and Woodlands Updated: May 11, 2011

Climate is an important factor in the establishment, growth, and resilience of forests and woodlands. With the highly variable climate of the Earth in recent...

Climate Change and Predicting Geographical Forest Insect Distributions

Climate, Forests and Woodlands Updated: May 11, 2011

Global spread of harmful forest pest species is a possible consequence of climate change. However, because of the diverse and complex responses of insects to...

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This work is supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, New Technologies for Ag Extension project.