Content tagged "agrosecurity:disease"

Johne's Disease

Johne's (YO-neez) disease is a chronic wasting disease of ruminants caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis. This bacterium...

Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis Virus (CAE)

Caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE) is a contagious viral disease of goats. The disease is typically spread from mother to kid through the ingestion of...

Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)

Part of the economic impact stems from production losses in intensive production systems, such as the dairy industry, where cattle may experience chronic...

Fowl Typhoid

Fowl typhoid is a highly contagious disease of poultry caused by the Salmonella gallinarum bacteria. The disease is spread through the droppings of infected...

Tularemia

Tularemia is an infectious disease of mammals, especially rabbits and small rodents, caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis. F. tularensis can be...

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE)

Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) or “mad cow disease” is a progressive brain disease of cattle. It is primarily associated with inclusion in cattle...

Scrapie

Scrapie is a fatal contagious disease of sheep and goats that causes degeneration of the central nervous system. Scrapie is contracted early in life and is...

Peste des Petits Ruminants

Peste des petits ruminants is a contagious disease of sheep and goats that is similar to Rinderpest. The disease is spread through inhalation of droplets...

Classical Swine Fever (CSF)

In the US, Classical Swine Fever (aka Hog Cholera) is considered a foreign animal disease. Where it exists around the world, it affects only pigs and wild...

Swine Vesicular Disease (SVD)

Swine Vesicular Disease (SVD) is a highly contagious viral disease of pigs that is clinically indistinguishable from Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD). The virus...

Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia (CBPP)

Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is an infectious disease of cattle caused by the Mycoplasma mycoides mycoides bacteria. CBPP causes inflammation and...

African Swine Fever

African Swine Fever is a highly contagious disease of pigs that is clinically indistinguishable from Classical Swine Fever. Pigs most often contract the...

Avian Influenza Implications for Public Health

All influenza (flu) viruses have a relatively high mutation rate, however, scientists are particularly concerned about the highly pathogenic avian influenza...

Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS)

Authors: Jeff Zimmerman, Iowa State University; David Benfield, The Ohio State University; Jane Christopher-Hennings, South Dakota State University; Scott...

Contagious Caprine Pleuropneumonia (CCPP)

Contagious Caprine Pleuropneumonia (CCPP) is a highly contagious infectious disease of goats caused by the Mycoplasma mycoides capri and Mycoplasma F38...

Vesicular Stomatitis

Kathy Anderson, Extension Horse Specialist, University of NebraskaVesicular stomatitis is a viral disease which affects horses, cattle, swine, and...

Reportable Animal Diseases

A reportable animal disease is one that, by law, must be reported to state and/or federal animal or public health officials. Reporting helps identify disease...

Contagious Agalactia

Contagious Agalactia is a highly contagious disease that affects dairy sheep and goats. Mainly caused by the Mycoplasma agalactiae bacteria in sheep and...

Equine Piroplasmosis

Equine Piroplasmosis is a protozoal blood parasite disease of equines such as horses, donkeys, mules and zebras. The parasites are usually transmitted by...

Spring Viremia of Carp

Spring Viremia of Carp is a highly infectious viral disease of carp, koi and goldfish. The virus is shed in the feces, urine and gill secretions of infected...

Screwworm

Screwworms are larvae of the New World Screwworm fly (Cochliomyia hominivorax) and Old World Screwworm fly (Chrysomya bezziana). Screwworm flies lay eggs in...

Hemorrhagic Septicemia

Hemorrhagic septicemia is a severe bacterial disease caused by certain strains of Pasteurella multicoda. It primarily affects cattle and water buffalo, but...

Rift Valley Fever

Rift Valley Fever is a viral disease of cattle and sheep that was first discovered in the Rift Valley of Kenya. The disease is spread to livestock through...

Foreign Animal Diseases (FADs)

Foreign Animal Diseases (FADs) are diseases that are not present in the US but pose a threat to animal health, and sometimes human health, if they enter the...

Marek's Disease

Marek's disease is a highly contagious disease of poultry caused by a herpes virus. The virus invades white blood cells and is shed in skin cells and dander....

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This work is supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, New Technologies for Ag Extension project.